- 6 Months ago
Sodium is a naturally occurring mineral element which is used as a major ingredient worldwide. Much of the sodium we use is in the form of sodium chloride, which is better known as common table salt. Salt was probably the first food additive and seasoning agent used by man for taste and also flavors. Today, it is one of the most widely used additives and is second only to sugar in the amount added to food.
For some individuals, more than the required quantity of sodium in the diet may contribute to high blood pressure or hypertension and less quantity may cause hypotension (low blood pressure). High blood pressure is a major risk factor for heart diseases, stroke and kidney disease. A high sodium diet or low sodium diet alone however does not cause variation in blood pressure. A combination of factors like family history, being overweight, race, physical fitness and lifestyle of an individual also contribute to blood pressure problems.